|Intimate partner violence is more prevalent among certain LGBT populations, but current research is limited, according to a review of existing literature conducted by Taylor N.T. Brown and Jody L. Herman from the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law.
More research on intimate partner violence among LGBT people would allow service providers and policymakers to better address challenges in assisting survivors.
Key findings of the report include:
- According to the CDC’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, bisexual women face a higher prevalence of lifetime experiences of intimate partner violence than heterosexual women. Lesbians and bisexual men seem more likely and gay men seem less likely to report ever having experienced IPV than heterosexual women and men, but these differences are not statistically significant.
- In other studies using representative samples, bisexual women experience a higher range of lifetime IPV prevalence than women in the general population. The prevalence of IPV among lesbians, gay men and bisexual men seems as high as among women and men in the general population, respectively.
- In studies using non-representative samples, the prevalence of IPV among lesbians, bisexual women, bisexual men and gay men seems as high as among women and men in the general population, respectively. These studies also find that between 31% and 50% of transgender people experience IPV in their lifetime.
The study, titled “Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Abuse among LGBT People,” reviews research on the prevalence of intimate partner violence and intimate partner sexual abuse among LGBT people, barriers to accessing assistance, and the quality of available help. The authors identified gaps in the research, including limited data from nationally representative samples, particularly for transgender people, and a limited amount of research evaluating programs designed to help LGBT survivors.